Using Brain-computer Interface technology to Control Communication Devices via Brain Activity for Individuals with Speech and Motor impairment due to Neurological Disorders such as ALS or Brain-stem Stroke

<p>Brain activity likely to be involved in control of brain-computer interfaces (BCI) will be recorded by electroencephalography (EEG), a non-invasive technique. These recordings will be used to control a computer-based augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) device. The long-term goal is the advancement of BCI technology to provide access to AAC devices via brain activity alone, allowing individuals with severe neuromotor disorders to better engage in social interactions.</p><p>Participants may be asked to travel to the Speech and Applied Neuroscience Lab at the University of Kansas for up to 20 experimental sessions, or members of our team will meet them either at their home or medical institution. During these sessions, participants will be asked to attempt mouth and facial movements, produce (attempt, silently, or imagined) syllable sounds, and imagine performing other movements while brain activity is measured using a non-invasive EEG. During these sessions, participants will likely wear a cap with electrodes embedded that touch the scalp (EEG), and receive auditory and visual stimuli from an LCD monitor and headphones.</p>

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion:

- Individuals between 18-65 years of age

- Normal hearing and normal or corrective vision

- Sever neuromotor impairment due to ALS or brainstem stroke with minimal or no cognitive impairments

- Severe deficits to speech intelligibility  

- Fluent in English

Exclusion Criteria

-Individuals with metal implants, and other implanted devices (like a pacemaker, stimulator, etc.)

Principal Investigator

Jonathan Brumberg, PhD

Study Contact

Chavis Lickvar-Armstrong clickvar@ku.edu , (785) 864-1460

Estimated Completion Date

Thursday, February 14, 2019
06/30/2022